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Lunchroom Word of the Week

April 8-12
Adenosine Triphosphate{ATP} (noun)
a molecule that serves as the universal energy source for all plants and animals. In your body, ATP breaks down into adenosine diphosphate plus a separate phosphate group. This releases energy, which is used to power your body's cells. During periods of inactivity, the reverse reaction takes place, and the phosphate group is reattached to the molecule using energy obtained from food. In this way, the ATP molecule is continuously being recycled by your body.

April 1-5
Viand (noun)
An item of food

March 25-29
~Spring Break

March 18-22
Ambrosia (noun)
Something extremely pleasing to taste or smell

March 11-15
Delicatessen (noun)
A ready to eat food product (such as a pre-plated salad)

March 4-8
Arginine (noun)
a crystalline basic amino acid C6H14N4O2 derived from guanidine

February 25-March 1
Alanine (noun)
a simple nonessential crystalline amino acid C3H7NO2

February 18-22
Vegan (noun)
a strict vegetarian who consumes no animal food or dairy products

February 11-15
Foie Gras (noun)
the fatted liver of an animal and especially of a goose 

February 4-8
Smorgasbord (noun)
a luncheon or supper buffet offering a variety of foods and dishes (as hors d'oeuvres, hot and cold meats, smoked and pickled fish, cheeses, salads, and relishes)

January 28-February 1
Pungent (adjective)
having an intense flavor or odor

January 21-25
Organic (adjective)
of, relating to, yielding, or involving the use of food produced with the use of feed or fertilizer of plant or animal origin without employment of chemically formulated fertilizers, growth stimulants, antibiotics, or pesticides

January 14-18
Masticate (verb)
to grind or crush (food) with or as if with the teeth

January 7-11
Marinade (noun)
a savory usually acidic sauce in which meat, fish, or a vegetable is soaked to enrich its flavor or to tenderize it

December 31-January 4
Kosher (adjective)
 being proper, acceptable, or satisfactory; especially food 

December 24-28
Hors d'oeuvre (noun) \ȯr-ˈdərv\
any of various savory foods usually served as appetizers

December 17-21
Edamame (noun)
immature green soybeans usually in the pod

December 10-14
Gourmet (adjective)
a connoisseur of food and drink

December 3-7
Manganese (noun)
Essential trace mineral that aids in bone growth and the functions of nerves and muscles

November 26-30
Thyroxin (noun)
Hormone that regulates the body's metabolism

November 19-20
Iodine (noun)
Essential trace mineral needed by the thyroid gland to produce thyroxin
 
November 13-16
Fluoride (noun)
Mineral that helps reduce the incidence of tooth decay and maintain bone structure

November 5-9
Chromium (noun)
Essential trace mineral neede to metabolize fats and carbohydrates
 
October 29-November 2
Legumes (noun)
The fruits or seeds of plants of the legume family (as peas or beans) used for food.

October 23-26
Folic Acid (noun)
Folic acid is a form of the water-soluble vitamin B9. It is carried through the bloodstream and excreted in urine. The human body does not store folic acid, we have to consume it every day in order to make sure we have adequate amounts. Folic acid is a key factor in the making (synthesis) of nucleic acid - nucleic acid is one of a family of large molecules including DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid).

October 15-19
Serum Cholesterol (noun)
Cholesterol found in the blood which can not dissolve without the help of lipoproteins.

October 8-12
Selenium (noun)
Selenium is an essential mineral found in small amounts in the body. It works as an antioxidant, especially when combined with vitamin E. Antioxidants like selenium help fight damaging particles in the body known as free radicals. Free radicals can damage cell membranes and DNA, and may contribute to aging and a number of conditions, including heart disease and cancer. Antioxidants can neutralize free radicals and may reduce or even help prevent some of the damage they cause.Selenium plays a role in thyroid function and your immune system needs selenium to work properly. People with a number of conditions, ranging from rheumatoid arthritis to some types of cancer, often have low levels of selenium. However, in most cases scientists aren't sure whether low selenium levels are a cause or an effect of the disease.


October 1-5
Flavonoids {bioflavonoids} (noun)
Flavonoids are a class of water-soluble pigments that are found in many plants. A few thousand different flavonoids have so far been identified. While not labeled as essential nutrients, many of these compounds serve as antioxidants or play other important roles in maintaining the health of your body.
Some researchers break flavonoids down into subclasses that include isoflavones, anthocyanidins, flavans, flavonols, flavones, and flavanones. However, these subclassifications are not universally recognized.


September 25-28
Carotenoids (noun)
Carotenoids are natural fat-soluble pigments found in certain plants. Carotenoids provide the bright red, orange, or yellow coloration of many vegetables, serve as antioxidants, and can be a source for vitamin A activity.

September 17-21
Glycemic Load {GL} (noun)
Glycemic Load is equal to the Glycemic Index of a food times the number of grams of carbohydrates in the serving of food that's being eaten. Glycemic Load is believed to correlate more directly to blood-sugar level changes than Glycemic Index.

September 10-14
Theobromine (noun) 
Theobromine is a bitter alkaloid closely related to caffeine that occurs especially in cacao beans (which are used to make chocolate) and is used as a diuretic, myocardial stimulant, and vasodilator. It is lethal to some animals that cannot metabolize it as fast as humans.

Chemical Formula
C7H8N4O2


September 4-7
B-12 {Cobalamin} (noun)
Necessary for carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. Important to amino acid and fatty acid synthesis; essential for hemoglobin and nerve cell growth and maintenance. The anti-stress vitamin, sometimes prescribed for stress reduction.

August 20-24
joule /dʒuːl/ (
noun)
The derived SI unit of work or energy; the work done when the point of application of a force of 1 newton is displaced through a distance of 1 metre in the direction of the force. 1 joule is equivalent to 1 watt-second, 107 ergs, 0.2390 calories, or 0.738 foot-pound.


Example Sentence:
In any case, the internationally used energy unit is the joule.




2011-2012 School Year

May 21-23
¡Adiós(Spanish).  Au Revoir(French). Arrivederci(Italian).  Auf Wiedersehen(German). Aντίο(Greek).  再見。(Chinese)  さようなら。(Japanese) Kwaheri.(Swahili).
Goodbye.
(Have a great summer, see you in August.)


May 14-18
Macronutrient  mak-roh-noo-tree-uhnt (noun)
Macronutrients provide the vast majority of metabolic energy and are needed for growth, metabolism, and several other body functions. 

Example Sentence:
Macronutrients can be found in carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.


May 7-11
Pyridoxine  ˌpir-ə-ˈdäk-ˌsēn (noun)
Pyridoxine , also known as Vitamin B6, maintains normal nervous tissue function and aids in the production of red blood cells and antibodies. Pyridoxine also assists in the metabolism of proteins. It can be found in lean meats, fish, nuts, beans, bananas, whole grains, fortified bread, and cereals.

Example Sentence:
Pyridoxine in large doses can cause numbness and neurological problems


April 30-May 4
Dextrose  ˈdekˌstrəʊz (noun)
Dextrose is a form of glucose found in honey and some sweet fruits, e.g., grapes. It is about 70% as sweet as sugar.
Example Sentence:
Dextrose is derived from corn (corn sugar).


April 23-27
Riboflavin  rī-bə-ˈflā-vən (noun)
Riboflavin also known as vitamin B2 is an important vitamin, commonly found in foods such as poultry, fish, eggs, dairy, or green leafy vegetables, that is important for growth, red blood cell production, and metabolism.
Chemical Formula:  C 17 H 20 N 4 O 6
First Known Use:  1935

Example Sentence:
Riboflavin is also found in lean meats.



April 16-20
Galactose  gəˈlaktōs (noun)

a simple sugar which when combined with glucose forms lactose
Chemical Formula:  C 6 H 12 O 6 

Example Sentence:
In galactosemia, the body cannot break down lactose or galactose.
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